Sexual Harassment and False Accusations

We must be careful…in both directions. To be absolutely clear, sexual harassment is not ok under any circumstances. It is a problem, but it is also equally a problem that false accusations occur. They are not ok, either.

We have biblical foundation for both, and in ministry I have seen both. I have seen people become jaded by repeated false accusations only to have very real accusations overlooked.

Folks, we are in VERY dangerous times. I do not know how to be more clear in this. Discernment is needed in this time. There are many “cultures” simultaneously existing that can destroy a society and shatter a church. Patriarchy is one, wrongfully placed feminism is another. The over-sexed culture from both sides rank highly, as does vengeful behavior through utilizing all of the above to destroy character.

Simply put, we have become one of two people…we have become the wife of Potipher…we want what we cannot have and do not need in Joseph, and we make false accusation to destroy their character when they stand firm. Or, we have become the David of 2 Samuel 11-14…the one that has skeletons in our closets and refuse to speak for fear of our own sins being uncovered…even at the cost of our daughters and sons.

We still have men and women of character in our churches and in our society…but how do we go forward?

I do not know. I pray for answers, I seek direction. Yet I look around and I feel lost. The accusations, both right and wrong, continue to fly. Good men are harmed, bad men are destroyed without a path of reconciliation. Women are destroying young lives in the process, but this has taken a back seat it seems. Teachers seducing young students is still an issues, but this is an issues that seems to not know boundaries of gender. Men and women are predators in this realm.

I suppose it all boils down to this…we have a very real problem and no one is offering a real solution. We continue to toss about so carelessly terms of patriarchy, feminism, harassment, pedophilia, liberalism, conservatism, etc. We label issues with societal tags, even within the walls of our sanctuaries, our safe places, and never get to the root of the problem…hearts that have not been transformed.

The road ahead is surely long, and I do not know the path. What I do know is this…amidst the false accusation Joseph stood strong and was restored…but it took years and the hand of God.

David, in the midst of all his sinful behavior, that he could not live without God. He lost his son from the adulteress affair with Bathsheba, and another son that raped his daughter. He lost a lot through his life. Through our sinful behavior we may indeed suffer loss in this life, but…David realized that through it all, in Psalm 51, that he could not afford to continue. He sincerely repented, and sought the Holy Spirit and joy of salvation. It was a long road.

Whatever lies ahead, whether false or true, if the church will act as the church we will come out ok. If we will remove societal name tags, focus upon true transformation of heart, stand firm in the Lord…then we can find discernment, wisdom, love, restoration, and joy in our salvation…no matter long, rocky path ahead.


Church and Prescription Medications/Medical Marijuana

I just,this very minute, looked at a story on Fox News…here is the link: Story

On eline in the story startled me, set my mind in motion, and confirmed one thing; the church is very much in need of education and firm doctrine regarding the interference of pastors in medicine. Here is the kine, then I will share some thoughts:

Jamie Tull — who was told by a pastor her medicine was a “gateway drug to the devil” —  was discovered Friday morning in a field near where she crashed in Merced County, Calif.

Please tell me why a pastor would interfere with the medical treatment of a congregant? Was the pastor also a physician? A pharmacist? Was he/she medically trained in ANY area? Or were they simply interfering in something that has not probably ended in much more harm than good. Days of family trauma, personal trauma, spiritual trauma…for what?

This leads to a bigger question…what should be our position on certain addictive drugs? Specifically, what I am questioning is medical marijuana. Too me, there is little question of the effectiveness and need for certain medications to treat various mental conditions, as evidenced in the above mentioned story.

The bigger question is the prescription of opioids which have devastated my family, my wife’s family, my community, my state, and destroyed countless lives. We, as a church, think nothing of someone taking mind altering substances in the name of pain control when prescribed by a physician. When that same person takes the same substance for the same reason, minus the prescription, it is a crime and a sin. Something is wrong with our thinking. Especially when we adamantly fight the passage of a natural plant for the same purposes, and much more.

Let me be clear in saying I am not an advocate of marijuana or any drug use. But what if…

What if marijuana as a controlled substance could bring people off of opioids and other synthetic pain killers? What if a natural substance could treat not only pain, anxiety, PTSD, Parkinson’s symptoms, and much more. What if…

We have accepted much more harmful things into the church in the name of inclusion.

I do not know the answer. But II am thinking, my wheels are turning. We need, and perhaps I will start on, a definitive look at/position on, medical marijuana and the church. We accept Fentanyl, Morphine, Versed, Hydrocodone, Oxycodone, and more. Should we also accept medical marijuana?

My initial thought is this; I would much rather be surrounded by potheads than the mess that surrounds me now with those addicted to prescription drugs. The end-game HAS to be better. There will be no need to steal and kill to get a joint…they can grow it. There will be no need to rob and beat your elderly mother to get a fix. This happens…it has happened. Plus there is the aspect that maybe, just maybe, that plant was put here for those purposes, while we have ignored natural medicine in favor of something to make the pharmacy industry billions.

I sincerely hope for some dialogue on this topic. I need to flesh this out with intelligent, informed people. I am not looking for low-level thought and knee-jerk reactions. I am seeking high thought, informed material, and educated people across a variety of fields to examine deeply this topic. It is coming, whether we agree or not. State after state is legalizing marijuana outright, or for medicinal use. It is high time the church and Christians thought the subject through with much prayer and study.

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What are You Willing To Do?

Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead. The sisters were heartbroken, and like us all, surely wanted to see their loved one again.

Many of us have a Lazarus in our life. I am not speaking of a person, rather I speak to something…a calling, a gift, a work inside us that we have allowed to die. We have allowed it to be buried for far too long and it is now in a place where we are much like Martha. We are afraid to roll the stone away because it stinks. It has been dead for far too long.

I believe Romans 11:29 speaks to this, “For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.”

Jesus raised Lazarus and He can raise this thing you have let die inside of you. He placed it in you for a purpose. That purpose is not for it to be stinking dead, it is for it to be alive and life-giving to others. It is your purpose, your election, your calling. It is ready to be raised. But…

Jesus raised Lazarus…He put breath and life back in His body. Jesus did not remove the obstacles or unwrap the body. There is some work you must do, some level of desire and willingness to accept life anew. There is a stone, a door on your soul in which you hide things behind…it must be laid bare before Christ. Can He speak through the stone? Yes. Will He? I do not think so…what good is a vibrant gift hid behind the doors of your soul? He didn’t give us light and life in our soul to hide under a basket.

Jesus also did not unwrap, or loose, the grave clothes. He merely gave new life to that which was allowed to die. You have allowed a gift, a calling, to die deep within you. Jesus can and will breath new breathe into this purpose, but you must remove the obstacle…and you also must take off the bindings and let it walk freely within the Spirit. That same purpose that serves no purpose behind the doors of your soul also serve no purpose when bound and unable to work and operate as God has called.

Jesus breathed life back into Lazarus. He spoke that which was not as if it where, and out of the grave came a dead man full of life. He can do the same to that deadness in you…but we must remove the obstacles and, at the appointed time when life has come, take of the that which binds and restricts the movement of our purpose.

Where is the Outrage?

I am upset. Not at homosexual marriage, abortion, antifa, Russia, Trump, or Clinton. I am upset with the state of our “disciples” that supposedly follow Christ and the churches they attend. I am upset that we are so easily swayed from the depths of the Word of God to focus on societal hot-button issues. I am upset at the lack of discipleship. I am upset that we have a serious epidemic on our hands of Christians that have no idea/concept of the whole Word of God rightly divided, or studying to show yourself approved, and Pastor’s that are more concerned with numbers than souls.

You are free to disagree, but here are some personal observations that trouble me. Large church or small, there is no difference…Sunday School is failing, small groups focus on a 2 second devotion and an hour of fun and games, and there is the Sunday morning worship service that is more theatrical production than reverence of a Sovereign God. I have seen it in churches ranging from 1800 on Sunday morning down to churches averaging barely 40. And the result is the same…preach the truth, take out the social fun time, show reverence to God and your attendance numbers will drop…

That leads to the original reason for this post…I am upset. It is ok to rail against homosexuality in the modern Pentecostal church. We all agree this is a sin. It is ok to go on a tirade about abortion and cast blame on the girl that couldn’t keep her urges under control. But…

Lets flip the script, so to speak, and delve deeper. Get up and preach that the ones shacking up are just as much in sin as the homosexual and see what happens? Or perhaps you could preach that the boy involved in the pregnant girl seeking an abortion is equally at fault for not keeping his desires in check. Maybe you should preach that the adultery committed on an all too frequent time schedule by the masses is grievous sin against God, body, and spouse. There won’t be too many amen’s from the amen corner on that…

What do we pick social hot-button issues? Because they are safe within the confines of our sanctuary. Locally, and I am sure in many areas, there are “street-preachers.” Some are ok, most are antagonistic and abrasive, doing more harm for the Kingdom than good. They Preach the same thing over and over because they know they can find support. Homosexuality is an abomination and sin, abortion is taking a human life. Both true, but both are the result of much deeper issues that in many cases started long ago. Some comes from abuse started at an early life, and some is simply beginning on a path of sin with no direction. Yet we ignore the root sins, the perpetrators that pushed someone into a life they truly did not chose, and we bash them over the head with “turn or burn” theology that entirely misses the healing of their soul.

I want to relate a story that shows what can happen when we are truly sensitive to the entire Word of God, and the patience and gentleness of the Holy Spirit. Yes, the Holy Spirit can and is gentle and patient…else we would not be where we are today.

I previously worked in a secular job, and part of that job was training new hires on some equipment used in the facility. At one point I was off for a month with health issues and came back to find several new hires that had to be scheduled for training. One in particular caught my attention…she was abrasive, truthful almost to a fault, and something was broken. I could see it, but I didn’t know what it was at first. As a matter of habit and position I introduced myself to her and the rest of the new hires as I encountered them throughout the day. In speaking with this young lady our conversation turned somewhat casual and she learned I was (at the time) working towards my bachelor degree in theology and biblical studies, and that I ministers in my local church (a Church of God, Cleveland, TN). Her response was simple…I’m gay, and in a long-term, committed relationship with my “spouse.” I literally could not say a word about it other than “ok.” Which was odd…I did not understand.

What I found out over the next two months was a terrible story that showed a clear path this girl did not chose. We became friends, and she divulged more information than I will ever share with anyone…information that opened my eyes. I KNEW this girl was not happy, but I also knew she seen it as the lesser of the only evil’s she had as options in life.

Fast forward to trying day…I knew I was going to be fired. She approached me before class and asked if she could speak with me at the end of the session. I knew what was coming, and told her I could only speak the truth…if that is what she wanted I would gladly speak with her. I also gave her the option to leave things as they were and ask at a time when she was ready. She opted for the end of the session.

The time came and the questions exactly what I expected to hear, “Is homosexuality wrong?” And I could only answer one way. Yes.

I laid out, beginning in the New Treatment and moving to the Old Testament, why, and why certain passages are already fulfilled within the Levitical laws. She simply said thank you and walked away with a heaviness. About 2 weeks later she came in to work with a different look. She joyously told me she left the relationship, but then quickly said she didn’t know what she would do now. There were mixed emotions of joy, pain, isolation, and others. Some 6 months later a guy swept her off her feet…and later I was asked to perform the rites of matrimony.

The point…had I shown outrage at one sin on the surface, the sins of many others perpetrated against God and this young lady would have been ignored, the door never opened, and a soul lost.

We need to be outraged…at the abusers, at the ones committing adultery, at the pedophiles, at the ones running people away from the Kingdom because they refuse to dig in, chasing instead to focus on one or two items out of 66 books. They lack depth, compassion, and care. They/we forget that Jesus died for us even when we were lost and undone. He didn’t bash us, antagonize us, show outrage at us. He showed outrage to those in the Temple supposedly following His Father.

Is it time we focus our outrage within the confines of the sanctuary at those supposedly following Jesus, yet not understanding His ways nor desiring to learn? Maybe that should be the focus of our outrage, and turn our patience, care, compassion, and gentleness outward to those that need their soul healed by the Sovereign Savior, Jesus. Just as He showed us mercy and grace, we should let that light shine….

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Who is your God/gods?

Well…now we have done it. Done what, you may ask? The short answer is that we’ve made national politics our god. We show a great more deal of concern about the happenings of the Senate, House, and White House than we do the house of God.

Don’t pretend that isn’t the case…I hear it every week from my congregants and others. Healthcare can’t be touched/healthcare reform is a must, economy, jobs, LGBTQ rights, abortion, and so the list continues. All the while, there are a myriad of “opinions” about what the Bible says on such topics. Some opinions I value, others I discard. I find it difficult to honor the biblical opinion of someone that spends more time finding a way to miss church and/or discipleship-type fellowships and more time finding a way onto the lake. I can’t seriously value there biblical astuteness when they would much rather watch Dr. Phil than read about the Great Physician in the inspired Word of God, the Bible.

Does that sound harsh? Good. I value opinions with an open mind of those that have shown dedication to God. This could be the Sunday School teacher that has flat wore a Bible out in a couple of years from use. It could be one of the several professors I have been privileged to study under. It could be a fellow minister from any one of a number of denominations that is dedicated to hearing God and tending to his flock. And it could just as easily be someone that is simply ready to learn at every opportunity and shows great wisdom and knowledge because they are dedicated to the One that set them free.

Does this mean we will always agree? Absolutely not, but we can experience genuine discussion without hatred and bitterness. One of us may change our mind, and we may not…but we can walk away with mutual respect and civility.

This is what we have done. We have taken hold of a political ideology and replaced our theology. Our theology somehow morphed into the donkey or the elephant. We see the White House as the Temple and the President as either the Christ or the Antichrist. We look to government programs to provide our healthcare, cellphones, income, housing, groceries, childcare, and in some cases our transportation. There are many, many government programs that creates a dependency where one should not exist.

Am I heartless to the plights of the less fortunate? Not at all…I am heartless, if that is the proper choice of words, to those that call themselves followers of Christ yet cannot find it in the heart to attend church, support church-run programs to help those in need, and turn a blind eye to everything but Fox News or CNN.

Nevertheless, the point is this; I fear for the church. I fear for “Christians”. I fear for people in the US in these categories. Reports I hear from missions, through various media, and from those I know personally that are involved in foreign nations indicate our problem is quite unique. Other nations are seeing mighty moves of God, yet we are stagnate. Large services occur with miraculous stories of salvation and deliverance, yet here we must “entertain” to draw such a crowd. I am talking of tens of thousands of people at a service hungry for a move of God.

Where have we gone wrong? We have gone wrong in putting patriotism before dedication to Christ. We have gone wrong in dedicating to a political party when neither is anything close to a biblical example. We are following Satan off a cliff, laughing along the way. We are happily deceived away from Jesus.

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Centrality of the Resurrection (11/2015 for New Testament Theology)

In approaching a topic of such magnitude as the resurrection of Christ, many areas must be addressed. It is obvious that without a death there can be no resurrection. It is also equally pertinent to explore the time in history the resurrection places mankind. An exploration of such topic would be incomplete without also looking forward, to that which the resurrection points mankind. It is of the author’s opinion that the resurrection should be more central to our gospel message than the cross. The cross brings images of a beaten, bruised, and forsaken Savior; a Savior that is more a slaughtered Lamb than the Lion of the tribe of Judah. The resurrection is more central to our hope, salvation, and empowered service as Christians while the cross is more central to a past event leading to the present power. History cannot be overlooked, or shuffled aside. It must be examined to understand the role crucifixion played in bringing the church to the current point in time. The role of the cross is important, but the resurrection is often overlooked. A theology involving the resurrection as a centerpiece is a theology of hope, empowerment, and victory. It is also a theology with many implications, including the separate entities of body and spirit, eschatology, pneumatology, and Christology. The Trinity cannot be ignored, nor can the implications beyond a resurrection of Christ, which points to the eschaton. Also, to avoid making room for presuppositions in terminology, resurrection, ascension, rapture, and second coming of Christ will be clearly defined as used here.

As a starting point, consideration will be given to 1 Peter 1:3-5. This scripture points to all areas previously mentioned, and serves well the purpose of a full exploration of the resurrection. Presuppositions must be addressed first, and then a chronological order will follow the path to the cross, the death of Christ, the time between the cross and the resurrection, the resurrection itself, and finally the eschaton. Throughout the role of the Holy Spirit will be addressed. Scripture will be from the NRSV, unless otherwise stated.

Central Text

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! By his great mercy he has given us a new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, and into an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you, who are being protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. – 1 Peter 1:3-5

An immediate reading of the text reveals the thought of Peter concerning the importance of the resurrection. While mention is made of the death of Christ, it is the resurrection that brings us the hope of salvation, and a hope for future residence with Christ. This is the look to history that sets an “unfading” future. Also expressly stated is the benefit of the resurrection by the mercies of God, and our faith in that salvation. Missing is a plain statement concerning the Holy Spirit, but when concerning God the Father and Jesus Christ the Son space must also be given to the work and power of the Holy Spirit. Finally, Peter ends this statement with look to the last times in history of man.


  1. The Bible is the infallible, inspired Word of God. It is the final authority.
  2. There will be a pre-millennial, pre-tribulation rapture of the church
  3. The terminology “second coming” refers to a physical return of Christ to reign on earth for a literal 1,000-year period. This is a distinct second event from the rapture.
  4. Resurrection is the raising of Christ’s physical body from the grave, while ascension is the final ascension to heaven witnessed in Acts 1:9-11
  5. The world, meaning all of creation both on earth and in the heavens, is a temporary creation that will be replaced at the end of times. Creation as we know it has a definite beginning seen in Genesis and a definite end seen in Revelation.
  6. God the Father, Christ the Son, and the Holy Spirit are all distinct persons and personalities yet all one. They are separate yet inseparable.
  7. All 3 persons of the Triune God-head are infinite. They were, are, and always will be.

This is the framework to begin exploration of the centrality of the resurrection to our point in time, the necessity to understanding we have moved from life, to death, to life. The resurrection is central to a fulfillment of God’s word that He has a desire to see all people saved and enjoy life eternal.[1] This move from life, to death, to life can also be seen in the expression from Christ that we must be born again.

The Cross

The cross is a universal symbol of Christianity. It is the symbol we use in salvation, the symbol that says to the world “I am a Christian”, and the symbol we strongly defend. Perhaps the reason lies with the fact we cannot display an empty tomb? The image of the cross is displayed as a violent death, a form of suffering death reserved for the worst of society such as slaves and criminals.[2] This was the death given to Christ, and it was a death He faced in the power of the Holy Spirit, just as He had faced temptation in that same power. [3]The death of a criminal, and often the very instrument of His death becomes our power to endure suffering of our own. Christ stated in John 15:20 that we would be persecuted. This is proven true throughout history, and indeed is true today.[4] The common association with the cross is one of suffering and persecution. This was the path that Christ took the final week of His life on earth. While there were examples of persecution before the so-called Passion Week, it was this week that seen a violent culmination on the cross. The path that led Christ to the cross was one of righteousness rejected by the religious leaders of the day. It was the High Priest that leveraged his influence in both religious and political circles to reach the desired outcome.[5]

The crucifixion was the sacrifice of our Passover lamb, as prophesied by Isaiah 53:7, with types that can be seen in the blood marks on the door posts of the lambs slaughtered in Egypt many years before. Perhaps this is where the imagery of crucifixion skews our view of Christ. We still view Him as beaten, bruised, battered, pierced, and worn down.[6] David also foretold this image. Psalm 22 is a vivid foretelling of the crucifixion, down to Christ’s garments being parted, His hands and feet being pierced, and his legs remaining unbroken.[7] The crucifixion was a necessity to fulfill prophecy, to make a way for our atonement, and to set in motion a new age pointing to the eschaton in which a final fulfillment of all prophecy will come.

Perhaps one of the most questioned times surrounding the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ is the time that lay between the two events. 1 Peter 3:19 details that Christ preached to the “spirits in prison” during this time. It is also Peter that is quoted in Acts 2:25-31 that references Psalm 16 in defense of this idea. The idea that prison is Hades, or hell, is presented with this text in conjunction with the text from 1 Peter 3:19.[8] It is sufficient to note that scripture states Christ preached in some area within the earth during this time, however the debate of whether this was to all people of times past in hell, or simply the Old Testament saints to be found in Abraham’s Bosom is unimportant at this juncture.

The Resurrection

The suffering of the cross, while necessary, points to things ahead. In this instance it is an immediate pointing to a resurrection, a resurrection which Peter calls a “new birth into a living hope” in our key text. The two are intrinsically linked. Suffering is the process; hope is what pulls us forward to our eternal reward. Without the resurrection this would not be possible.  The resurrection would not be possible without the work of the Holy Spirit.[9] This resurrection of Christ is a scene we can well rely on to understand our own resurrection.

While certainly Christ’s body was laid in the tomb as a physical body this is not the body the apostles and others seen during the 40 or so days Christ walked the earth before His final ascension. The body lain in the tomb was from His earthly mother, but the body that was resurrected was glorified for His heavenly existence.[10] We are no longer left with an image of a lamb led to the slaughter, but a glorified, resurrected, living Christ. We can now begin to see hope instead of only suffering. We can now begin to see the reward for the persecution faced day to day. It is an image that shows a Jesus that has defeated death, and placed the roadmap

before us to lead to victory. Taken in context of the key text, this hope leads directly to the inheritance in verse 4 and salvation in verse 5.[11]

In addition to the hope brought about by the resurrection, there is a clear picture towards the eschaton (to be more fully discussed in the following section) shown in the ascension detailed in Acts 1:9-11. This return referenced here is foretold by Christ in His own words in Matthew 24:30. Throughout the New Testament, and particularly the popular passage of John 14, points to a theme of a returning Christ. It only serves to reason that to return He must first go away, or ascend to Heaven. This is the hope referred to by Peter in verse 4 speaking of an inheritance, for one day we will reside with a resurrected, ascended Christ.

Perhaps the most vital part of the resurrection is not within the resurrection itself, but within the promise of the Holy Spirit. Christ stated plainly in John 16:7 that He must ascend before the Comforter, or the Holy Spirit, could come. In context, this fits with the overall theme of 1 Peter. The Holy Spirit is a necessity to daily life now just the same as in 1 Peter to live holy lives under duress and persecution. This promise offered in John 16:7 was fulfilled on the day of Pentecost. This outpouring would have never happened without the resurrection. Without the resurrection we would still be waiting for an empowerment to work. Without the resurrection we would be serving not the Living God, but a dead god.


In speaking of the eschaton it must be realized that it is the end of times, times which cannot be reached without the cross, without the resurrection, and without the Holy Spirit. It is a time that will stretch at least 1,007 years.[12] It is a pointing to this time that is most likely spoken of when Peter speaks of an incorruptible inheritance in 1 Peter 1:4. This is pointed to both in the following verse (verse 5), as well as commentaries.[13] It is clear that the resurrection, while significant for many reasons, clearly point to the eschaton.

The beginning of the end times start with the rapture. While there is much debate on this topic, it will not be debated here as the presupposition is a pre-tribulation rapture, first of those dead, then of those which remain as expressed in 1 Corinthians 15:51-54[14] and 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18.[15] With a hope of salvation, not only of our souls, but also of our bodies “to be revealed in the last time.”[16] The resurrection of Christ showed a greater resurrection to come at the rapture. Indeed, a picture of this is seen within the closing of Matthew’s Gospel. Tucked neatly away in Matthew 27:52-53 we see that a resurrection has already occurred. The Old Testament saints rose from the grave and went into the city. This is an emptying of Abraham’s Bosom, no more a holding place, but an indicator of being forever with the Lord in Heaven just as the thief on the cross was promised.

It is after this point in which the tribulation period documented in Revelation occurs, and is followed by the second coming of Christ to rule and reign on the earth for 1,000 years. Again, without a resurrected body this cannot happen. This is a hope, this is an inheritance, and most importantly this will be the fulfillment of Revelation 20:6. We, the church that is part of that first resurrection, will reign with Christ for a literal 1,000-year period on earth.[17]

The final point in the eschaton is the final fulfillment of all things, a new heaven and new earth as spoke in Revelation 21. The final hope, the final salvation, and the inheritance; all the things spoken by Peter in conjunction with the resurrection of Christ. The finite is no more, and within a new heaven and new earth we have infinite presence. Within the infinite God we find the eternal love, mercy, kindness, and glory of a living, resurrected Savior.


Peter points to the resurrection as a powerful point in the ministry of Christ. Luke points to no less importance. Luke shows the place of resurrection as the place of Christ’s victory and the subsequent empowering of the church.[18] From the cross to the eschaton the central feature is the resurrection. The cross is a symbol of suffering, the eschaton a period of perfection, but it is the resurrection that forever links the two. The resurrection erases the suffering and offers eternal hope. The resurrection should be our hope…and empty tomb, not an empty cross. The cross emptied to fill the tomb, and a filled tomb does not conquer death or offer salvation. Looking to the eschaton with hope of salvation is pointless with a full tomb. It is the empty tomb, the symbol of resurrection, which points to the victory of the cross and the hope of the future.

Our centrality must shift, we must never forget the cross for that is where we find our sacrifice once for all, but we must also keep firmly in our sight that Christ is no more the lamb led to the slaughter. He is, and will be the Lion of the tribe of Judah. He is risen, He is alive, and he no longer hangs on the cross. We must embrace the hope, salvation, and empowered service of the resurrection.

[1] The desire for God to see man worship Him, and display loyalty to Him as Creator and God is seen specifically in 1 Timothy 2:4 and 2 Peter 3:9. This same concern and desire is expressed numerous times throughout both the Old Testament and New Testament.

[2] Ray H. Hughes, The Cross: Love’s Necessity (Cleveland, TN: Pathway Press, 2000), p. 13

[3] Clark H. Pinnock, Flame of Love: A Theology of the Holy Spirit (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 1996), pg. 90

[4] Steven J. Land, Pentecostal Spirituality: A Passion for the Kingdom (JPTSup, 1; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1993), p. 22

[5] The passage of John 18 highlights the interaction of political and religious circles.

[6] Isaiah 53:4-6, Zechariah 12:10

[7] New Testament references to this are found in the crucifixion narratives in the Gospels

[8] French L. Arrington, Christian Doctrine: A Pentecostal Perspective, Volume 2 (Cleveland, TN: Pathway Press, 1993), pg. 84-86 – This section contains a more complete discussion on the time between the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ, as well as addressing different interpretations

[9] Veli-Matti Karkkainen, Pneumatology (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2002), pg. 157

[10] Yung Chul Han, Ed., Transforming Power: Dimensions of the Gospel (Cleveland, TN: Pathway Press, 2001), pg. 280

[11] Rebecca Skaggs, The Pentecostal Commentary on 1 Peter, 2 Peter, Jude (Cleveland, OH: The Pilgrim Press, 2004), pg. 18 – Full discussion here on objective vs. subjective use of hope

[12] This is taking into account the period of tribulation (after the rapture, a seven year period) and the literal millennial reign of Christ on earth.

[13] Skaggs, Rebecca, The Pentecostal Commentary on 1 Peter, 2 Peter, Jude (Cleveland, OH: The Pilgrim Press, 2004), pg. 19

Stern, David H., Jewish New Testament Commentary (Clarksville, MD: Jewish New Testament Publications, Inc., 1992), pg. 745

[14] This is the culmination of the victory over death as stated in verse 54.

[15] The combination of these two passages from Paul strengthen the eternal hope to which the resurrection points, and that which Peter speaks of in the key text.

[16] Taken from the MEV

[17] Gause, R. Hollis, Revelation: God’s Stamp of Sovereignty on History (Cleveland, TN: Pathway Press, 1998), pgs. 253-254 for a full discussion of distinguishing between resurrections and the millennial reign of Christ

[18] Arrington, French L., The Spirit-Anointed Jesus: A Study of the Gospel of Luke (Cleveland, TN: Pathway Press, 2008), pg. 385

To Know Jesus (Getting to the Truth)

In the Gospel of John 8:31-32 we see Jesus tell those “who had believed in Him” that if they continued in His word then there would be the progression from disciple to knower of truth to freedom. Now, it doesn’t read exactly that way but that is the idea presented. It reads as follows in the NRSV:

Then Jesus said to the Jews who had believed in Him, “If you continue in my word, you are truly my disciples; and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.”

The first “key” here is believing…but James 2:19 tells us even the devils believe and temple, yet without faith (believing) it is impossible to please God (Hebrews 11:6). That is often all that is quoted of Hebrews 11:6…you must have faith to please God. How does that reconcile with the devil believing also; is he pleasing to God? The part that is often left out is that it is impossible to please God without faith AND “whoever would approach Him must believe he exists and that he rewards those who seeks him.” That second part of Hebrews 11:6 is critical, and what is I believe upheld throughout the Bible. We must do much more than simply believe, for even the devils believe. We must work…faith without works is dead…we must spread the good news, we must live out a life that is entirely based on the premise that God is a rewarder to those that “endure to the end”. This word, rewarder, holds a different meaning than we think of today. Today we get a reward for stumbling across something, for turning someone in…a reward is a “get rich quick” idea to us today. The writer of Hebrews paints a very different idea both in word choice, and by that which the word is paired. The reward is paired with the idea of seeking diligently. This implied some effort, some work. It is a word that implies a craving, a demand, an investigation. And for that work, we are remunerated….much different than our modern rewarding…we are payed for work done. Our reward is not based upon faith in the sense of just believing God exists….we must also work towards the end. We must be active in our faith. This doesn’t mean everyone must preach, evangelize from the pulpit, teach Sunday, School, and the like. We all have different callings, but that is another topic. The idea, though, is that we must all be active in seeking out God…continually. This is not a one trip to the altar does it idea of remuneration.

Jesus suggests as much in John 8:31-32. As previously mentioned, there is the progression:

  1. Believe
  2. Continue
  3. Disciples
  4. Know
  5. Truth
  6. Freedom

There are several points within this text that jumps off the page, nearly shouting that we have cheapened Christ and cheapened the Gospel message of freedom in our postmodern societal search for truth and instantaneous gratification.

Continue implies that we must tarry…we must abide. This is something that takes time. And it is a walk that is to take place among the sin-sick world in which we live. There will be mountains, valleys, heartache, burden, and strife along with the joy, peace, happiness and hope of Christ in us. The same tension that exists in the “already/not yet” of the coming of the Kingdom of God very much exists internally for believers. We have already received Christ, but we are not yet fully receiving/experiencing Christ. As Paul stated in 1 Corinthians 13:12, we only know in part, but then we will know fully. We must continue, abide, tarry, endure to the end…to “then know fully” the glories of God.

The other portion that jumps out to me is “free”. Again, I think we have lost so much in modern/post-modern society. The idea behind this word is a liberation, the implication being liberation from bondage of/slavery to sin. This is carried further when you understand the implications of the word as an exemption from moral, mortal, and ceremonial liability. Ponder on that…free from all of our past sin…we are morally exempt from everything before the altar. We are mortally exempt…we will find an eternal life in Christ…and we are ceremonially exempt…no more sacrifices of bulls and goats by an imperfect high priest because we have found a more perfect Hight Priest in Christ Jesus.

But…we must re-learn to tarry, to abide…we can no longer continue with our microwave mentality of expecting a fully known, fully prepared Kingdom work for us as we get up from the altar of our salvation. We must, must, MUST work the process. Jonah had a process, David went through a process, Joseph faced a process, Moses endured a process…are we greater than these giants of faith? We also must follow the process.

  1. We must believe
  2. We must continue to diligently seek, tarrying and abiding
  3. We must be disciples…we must learn
  4. We must come to know, but not the modern “know”, rather we must experience, feel, be part of, Christ. We can’t just know who He is
  5. We must find the Truth..the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last, the author and finisher of our faith, the Way, the Truth, and the Life
  6. And finally, that Truth, that Life, that is Jesus will set us free…we will have liberation, and exemption from moral, mortal, and ceremonial liability.

I will end with this from Psalm 34:8 (NRSV)

O taste and see that the Lord is good; happy are those who take refuge in Him.

How Long Did Adam Walk in the Garden of Eden?

I have spent considerable time contemplating this title question…how long was Adam in the Garden of Eden before the fall? I know Jewish tradition places their calendar start at the creation and we know from Genesis 5:3 that Seth was born when Adam was 130. Cain and Abel would have been ( I would think) adults before Cain killed Abel, and Seth was born after this point. Conservatively guessing, Adam was maybe 110 at the birth of Cain and/or Abel?

Were they born immediately after the fall? Going deeper, is it possible that Adam’s counted days started after the fall?

That is the position to which I lean. Why would a man in a perfect state, having never known the temporal pleasures of sin, walk away from God? I personally believe there would also need to be an account for a time frame of the fall of the rebellious angels, and then the seduction of Adam and Eve…but that is another topic altogether on dating the fall of the angels as opposed to the fall of man.

Either way, I feel that the dating of Adam’s days would have began with his fall, not his creation. I don’t believe God created Adam to die; I feel Adam was created perfectly in the image of God, and death was only a possibility upon entering into rebellion/sin. Adam lived 930 years according to Genesis 5:5. Each of his progeny through Noah (except Lamech) lived exceptionally long lives as well. Even Lamech, at 777 years, is exceptionally long, but shorter than the rest. Consider this list of ages through Noah:

  1. Adam – 930
  2. Seth – 912
  3. Enosh – 905
  4. Kenan – 910
  5. Mahalalel – 895
  6. Jared – 962
  7. Enoch – raptured/taken at 365
  8. Methuselah – 969
  9. Lamech – 777
  10. Noah – 950

All of the ages are in Genesis 5 except Noah, you can confirm that in Genesis 10:29.

Are we to believe that which is created by the seed of man is equally long lasting as that which was handcrafted by God? Possibly. I do not find a clear answer to the question.

Looking at this from a logical view it makes sense that Adam’s lifespan as recorded at 930 years would have been from his entrance into a sinful world. As a side note, I feel this would explain much in the world of science if there was an indeterminate time frame in which the earth existed, with Adam and Eve, before the fall and the current biblical dating of a world at some 5,000 years old.

Too much fits together for Adam and Eve having spent a substantial amount of time in the Garden of Eden, on earth, in the presence of God, before their fall and a dating of Adam’s life at that point forward being 930 years.

Please leave your thoughts, comments…I’d love and appreciate dialogue on this perplexing to me topic.

Random Thoughts This Morning

Last night I was blessed to have one of my few true friends in service with us at church. He preached a wonderful message that blessed the congregation on David and waiting for your promises and gifts to come into full maturity. I find it amazing how God works and moves. This is a similar theme that I have been on for some time with my church. i have preached on Joseph and his ordeal before his dream become reality and on Habakkuk’s progression of faith. Now, without coordination on our part, my dear friend comes in and preaches a well-received message that drives home the point I have been trying to make. God is wonderful, and wonderfully timed!

Friends in ministry…true friends, not acquaintances, are few. This man is a true friend, and I am blessed to call him friend, fellow minister, and brother.

Changing direction, I am excited personally about the times ahead. I am nearing completion of my undergraduate degree in biblical studies and theology with Lee University. I anticipate graduating May, 2017. I am entering my final two classes on Tuesday. Part of the excitement is that I will have a degree. This is something I have lacked in my years on earth. I was a poor student in my youth. I seen little to no need for education or school. My concerns were far more social and much less focused on anything productive. I dropped out of high school and have lived life the best I knew how. God changed my heart on this, as well as my passions, and now, for the first time I look forward to finishing something. What is funny, ironic, whatever word choice you prefer…I do not see this as an end or accomplishment. I have realized just how much I do not know and the need to continue my education. To that end I am already enrolled at Pentecostal Theological Seminary.

Part of my excitement also lies with (I hope) more time to renew some online efforts in ministry. I have a YouTube channel that has been sorely neglected for far too long (YouTube Channel) and I intend on getting some sermons recorded to post. I am also investing in some inexpensive equipment to start a podcast, which will be on this page and hopefully pulled over to Apple Podcasts.

The way to reach people has changed in method. That is my driving force…people love the immediacy and lack of intimacy in finding something online. My hope is that through YouTube I can simply spread the message of Christ. The Podcast I envision being a little more in depth on studies and theological questions, but we shall see.

I may also start a new YouTube channel to highlight a hobby of mine. I have come to love fountain pens. Here is my favorite (and an early graduation gift to myself):


This is a Montegrappa Copper Mule, based on their Fortuna line. They are not a “low-end” manufacturer, they produce some very fine Italian writing instruments. (You can pick one up here) I purchased mine in a medium nib and absolutely love it. Writing is a little different; it requires much less effort…except this particular pen, when writing with the cap on the back (or posted) feels like you have a brick in your hand! The pen is solid copper, as is the cap, so it certainly has some weight to it. Other than the weight, which is very nice not posted, the pen is such a dream to write with if you still use pen and paper.

I have been rather rapidly transition back to paper and pen for sermon preparation, school notes, etc. I just find that I retain the information much better if I take time to actually write rather than type. The professor for my one class at PTS this semester even commented that he had seen a study that writing helps with learning much more than typing.

God Bless,

Pastor Steve